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You are browsing all terms beginning with "V"
12 terms were found.
Displaying Page 1 (of 2)
- Value-added agriculture
- A concept that has gained currency in the small farm policy debate, in response to the concern that the farm value of the consumer food dollar continues to decrease (which, some small farm advocates contend, is due to the excessive profit-taking by processors and retailers). Value added agriculture might be any means to capture a larger share of the consumer food dollar by farmers. Examples include direct marketing; farmer ownership of processing facilities; and producing farm products with a higher intrinsic value (such as identity-preserved grains, organic produce, free-range chickens; etc.), for which buyers are willing to pay a higher price than for more traditional farm commodities.
- Value-added products
- In general, products that have increased in value because of processing; such products include wheat flour and soybean oil. Livestock are considered value added products because they have increased the value of pasture and feed grains going into them. The terms value-added and high-value are often used synonymously.
- Variable Costs
- Costs of a production process that increase or decrease along with changes in level of production, as opposed to fixed costs.
- Veering winds
- A clockwise change in wind direction. Veering winds with height are indicative of warm air advection (WAA).
- Vegetative controls
- Nonpoint source pollution control practices that involve planting cover crops to reduce erosion and minimize loss of pollutants.
- Vehicle Bias
- Difference in actual willingness to pay and willingness to pay revealed in a survey arising from the choice of a payment instrument for a survey. Vehicles include changes in local taxes, entrance fees, surcharges on bills, higher prices, etc.
- Vehicle miles traveled (VMT)
- One vehicle traveling the distance of one mile. Thus, total vehicle miles is the total mileage traveled by all vehicles.
- Precipitation falling from the base of a cloud and evaporating before it reaches the ground.
- The horizontal distance an observer can see and identify a prominent object.
- Volatile organic compounds (VOCs)
- Organic compounds that evaporate readily into the atmosphere at normal temperatures. VOCs contribute significantly to photochemical smog production and certain health problems. See non-methane volatile organic compounds.